By James F. Eder
For many of the twentieth century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have confirmed homesteads and new methods of existence on Palawan Island, a one-time woodland desolate tract. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and filthy rich groups in accordance with in the community variable mixtures of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity provides an research of socioeconomic swap in a single Palawan settler group based through the Nineteen Forties. in response to distinctive details on the degrees of neighborhood, family and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 easy topics: the improvement of a post-frontier village economic climate; family concepts for survival and prosperity; and person objectives as they relate to rules approximately social status and private worthy. those subject matters are attached into an built-in research of switch locally throughout time and set in the context of wider alterations in society.
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Extra info for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines
4 Marcos renamed Jose Rizal; created municipality April 1983 under Batas Pambansa Bilang 386; taken from Quezon. A. No. 5642; taken from Aborlan. A. No. 5906. A. No. 617; taken from Aborlan and Brooke’s Point. A. No. 615; taken from Puerto Princesa. A. No. 5821; taken from Puerto Princesa and Taytay. A. No. 1020. 11 Part of Dumaran in 1918, 1939, and 1948, but includes Dumaran in 1903 and 1960. 12 Created municipality June 17, 1950, under Executive Order No. 560; barrio of Coron in 1948. A. No.
From the standpoint of household labor utilization, many nonagricultural employment opportunities combine readily with agriculture. In some households, for example, the husband is a vegetable gardener and the wife is a schoolteacher or a store owner; in others, both husband and wife are government employees but invest in tree crops and livestock, and so on. The consequences for community socio- 36 Chapter 2 economic structure of such occupational specialization and diversification, within and outside of agriculture, are the concern of Chapter 4.
The 1971–1988 period, for example, saw a two- to threefold increase in the amount of labor use and a fivefold increase in the amount of commercial fertilizer use per unit of garden land. In field cropping, the same period saw the appearance of second-cropping (following an initial crop of corn) with such labor-intensive and rapidly maturing crops as melons, peanuts, and mung beans. The common thread in all such developments has been voluntary farmer response to greater market opportunity, with land scarcity, once held to be a central factor in the intensification process (Boserup 1965), now playing a secondary role (see Brush and Turner 1987:33–34).
A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines by James F. Eder