By Henry Pelling
The writer leads the reader via a narrative of fight and improvement masking greater than 4 centuries: from the medieval guilds and early craftsmen's and labourers' institutions to the dramatic development of exchange unionism in Britain within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He indicates how strong personalities equivalent to Robert Applegarth, Henry Broadhurst, Tom Mann, Ernest Bevin and Walter Citrine have helped to form the development of present-day unionism, and for this version he has further a bankruptcy "On the shielding: the 1980s". the writer additionally wrote "The Origins of the Labour Party".
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Extra info for A History of British Trade Unionism
Harriet Martineau, the well-known exponent of Manchester economics, took a similar line in leaders in the Daily News. On the other hand, trade societies all over the country rallied to the cause of the London building workers, making what contributions they could either from their funds or from special levies. By far the most impressive support came from the Amalgamated Engineers, which made three separate donations of £IOoo each- an unheard of sum for any one organisation to afford. The money that was raised enabled the strikers to carry on their struggle, and eventually in February 186o, after they had been out for six months, they came to a compromise with their employers.
Many of the local preachers were its most active supporters. Prayers for its success were offered up in the chapels; and it was no uncommon thing for a wayside crowd to join in supplicating the assistance of heaven, and to request that the men who were brought from a distance to work in a colliery the 'blacklegs' as they called them - might be injured. The defeat of the strike was followed by dismissals and by evictions from tied cottages; but not long afterwards the employers dropped the yearly contract or bond system, the renewal of which had been the occasion of the strike, and replaced it with a monthly notice.
As a result of the new Committee's report, a compromise bill was framed and quickly passed into law in the summer of 1825. This reaffirmed the repeal of the earlier Combination Laws, but made the provisions against violence and intimidation more stringent than they had been in the 1824 Act. 'Molesting' or 'obstructing' persons at work was forbidden, and the definition of the purposes of legal combination was narrowed to questions of wages and hours of labour - thus excluding such matters as the proportion of apprentices to journeymen.
A History of British Trade Unionism by Henry Pelling