By Jan Harold Brunvand

ISBN-10: 0815333501

ISBN-13: 9780815333500

Includes over 500 articlesRanging over foodways and folksongs, quiltmaking and machine lore, Pecos invoice, Butch Cassidy, and Elvis sightings, greater than 500 articles highlight folks literature, song, and crafts activities and vacation trips tall stories and mythical figures genres and kinds scholarly methods and theories areas and ethnic teams performers and creditors writers and students spiritual ideals and practices. The alphabetically prepared entries differ from concise definitions to precise surveys, each one followed through a quick, up to date bibliography.

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In addition to swapping stories, the loggers maintained a rich singing tradition. Ballads such as “The Saranac River” or “Blue Mountain Lake” chronicle the work experiences of local lumbermen. “Tebo” tells howTebo died while breaking a log jam. ” Many of the logging songs collected in the Adirondacks are localized versions of songs that can be found throughout the United States and Canada, wherever the axes of the lumbermen rang through the forests. Collectors in this century also have found a rich tradition of Anglo, Anglo Irish, and French Canadian ballads existing alongside these American logging ballads.

Anticipating life’s stages, children recite them in rhymes and songs: “Solomon Grundy, born on Monday/Christened on Tuesday/Married on Wednesday…” or “When I was a baby, a baby, a baby, when I was a baby, this is what I did,” which continues through grandmotherhood and death (Hufford, Hunt, and Zeitlin 1987:18). Reflecting on those stages, elders hone hindsight into aphorism: “If you’re twenty and not a revolutionary, you have no heart. ” These fragments hint at multigenerational perspectives on the life cycle, and an underlying ever-present negotiation of the elder’s image and role in society.

Fifteen for most faculty, all period if necessary for a full professor. This set of beliefs, like most folklore, is not learned from formal authority (indeed, such an obligation has yet to be found in the formal student rules of any American university), but from other members of the folk group: in this case, other students. University students in Germany, by contrast, routinely arrive in the classroom about fifteen minutes after the scheduled time, an acknowledged manipulation of time called der akademische Viertel (the academic quarter [hour]).

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American Folklore: An Encyclopedia (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities) by Jan Harold Brunvand


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