By Kevin C. Murphy

ISBN-10: 0415296838

ISBN-13: 9780415296830

American retailers verified buying and selling organisations within the ports of Yokohama, Kobe and Nagasaki which operated from 1859-1899 till the repeal of the Unequal Treaties. contributors of a privileged, semi-colonial group, the retailers shaped the biggest crew of american citizens in nineteenth century Japan. during this first book-length remedy of this workforce, Kevin Murphy explores their interactions with the japanese within the treaty port method, how the japanese management manipulated them to its personal ends, and the way the retailers themselves outlined the restrictions of yankee company in Japan via their ambiguous yet deep predicament with order and chance, restraint and dominance, and conservatism and dominance.

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24 Another response to Perry’s visit and Harris’ treaty in 1858 was an intensification of the sonno-joi movement (“revere the emperor and repel the barbarian”). Sonno-joi had immediate consequences for the newly-forming merchant community at Yokohama in the late 1850s and early 1860s. The “shishi”, often referred to as “men of high purpose”, were mainly lower samurai, and political extremists, many of whom argued for immediately driving out the foreigners. To accomplish this, some shishi undertook to assassinate members of the foreign community.

15 Certainly American merchants faced problems moving into Japan, as the mortality rate of firms in the early years suggests. Even during the years of FROM FRENZY TO INSECURITY 19 increased political stability after the Meiji Restoration, Japan’s imperfect credit system, high interest rates and the lack of “uniformity in the quality” of its manufactures militated against foreign confidence. 16 In this context, individual Americans sought to enrich themselves by seeking greener economic pastures.

Sixty-five feet away was a stone godown measuring 90 feet by 42 feet, and across from this structure lay the tea-firing godown, some 33 feet by 90 feet. Inside the tea-firing godown was space for 112 pans and a packing room. 94 The amount of land controlled by given companies depended on the nature of their business. Carroll and Company Carroll controlled leases in the foreign concession extensive enough to permit sub-letting to other concerns—the Hiogo News and the Globe Hotel occupied two of its buildings.

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American Merchant Experience in 19th Century Japan by Kevin C. Murphy

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