By Gary Althen Amanda R. Doran Susan J. Szmania
Touring to the USA quickly? If the idea of prolonged publicity between american citizens turns out daunting, permit American methods: A consultant for Foreigners within the usa assist you organize. during this revised version, Gary Althen has extra fabric to supply the clearest insights but into the yankee psyche and tradition, together with the rewritten bankruptcy methods of Reasoning, which supplies one of many best-organized and clearest displays of yankee idea tactics up to now, and a brand new bankruptcy on race and ethnic family that compares how overseas viewers and americans alike understand American subcultures. inside so much chapters Althen has integrated a brand new part, feedback for international viewers, including one other functional size to the e-book. American methods covers all of the simple wishes of the overseas pupil or businessperson, masking the developments and customs of daily actions like riding, purchasing and verbal and nonverbal conversation in addition to the extra esoteric customs relating to cultural values, politics, schooling, faith and male-female relationships. As a finished creation to American tradition, American methods will organize you for residing, learning and dealing in the USA. it truly is that little tiny stuff that could have an effect on how humans get along....[T]here are plenty and many varied [cues] on an underlying, unstated level.-Gary Althen Althen supplies recommendation to overseas viewers to the U.S. that's meant to assist them comprehend the motivations, attitudes, communique kinds, and activities of usa citizens. Emphasizing the translation of saw habit, he covers methods of reasoning and American principles approximately politics, relatives lifestyles, schooling, faith, the media, social relationships, racial and ethnic range, male-female relationships, activities and activity, using, procuring, own hygiene, and organizational and public habit. Over-generalization is an comprehensible threat in one of these paintings as this, yet Althen does take some time to stress that there are diversifications between american citizens, whereas he concentrates at the similarities.-Book information ContentsPreface to the second one EditionAcknowledgmentsIntroductionPart I: basic rules approximately American Culture1 American Values and Assumptions 2 The Communicative sort of Americans3 methods of Reasoning4 adjustments in CustomsPart II: particular points of yankee Life5 Politics6 relations Life7 Education8 Religion9 The Media10 Social Relationships11 Racial and Ethnic Diversity12 Male-Female Relationships13 activities and Recreation14 Driving15 Shopping16 own Hygiene17 Getting issues Done18 habit in Public Places19 Studying20 BusinessPart III: dealing with Cultural Differences21 a few useful Ideas22 actions for studying approximately American CultureConclusionBibliographyAbout the writer
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Additional info for American Ways: A Guide for Foreigners in the United States, 2nd Edition
Competitiveness per- AMERICAN VALUES AND ASSUMPTIONS 13 vades the society. ” It is also obvious in schools and extracurricular activities for children, where games and contests are assumed to be desirable and beneficial. Competitiveness is less obvious when it is in the minds of people who are persistently comparing themselves with others: who is faster, smarter, richer, better-looking; whose children are the most successful; whose husband is the best provider or the best cook or the best lover; which salesperson sold the most during the past quarter; who earned his first million dollars at the earliest age; and so on.
The higher-status person may put a hand on the shoulder of the lower-status person. If there is touching between the people involved, the higher-status person will touch first. Foreigners who are accustomed to more obvious displays of respect (such as bowing, averting eyes from the face of the higher-status person, or using honorific titles) often overlook the ways in which Americans show respect for people of higher status. They think, incorrectly, that Americans are generally unaware of status differences and disrespectful of other people.
AMERICAN VALUES AND ASSUMPTIONS 9 It is this concept of themselves as individual decision makers that blinds at least some Americans to the fact that they share a culture with each other. They often have the idea, as mentioned above, that they have independently made up their own minds about the values and assumptions they hold. The notion that social factors outside themselves have made them “just like everyone else” in important ways offends their sense of dignity. Americans, then, consider the ideal person to be an individualistic, self-reliant, independent person.
American Ways: A Guide for Foreigners in the United States, 2nd Edition by Gary Althen Amanda R. Doran Susan J. Szmania