By Mary Ellen Miller
Мифы, верования и культура древней Мезоамерики (майя, ацтеки, тольтеки)
»The Gods and emblems of historical Mexico and the Maya» is the first-ever English-language dictionary
of Mesoamerican mythology and faith. approximately three hundred entries, from accession to yoke, describe the most gods
and symbols of the Olmecs, Zapotecs, Maya, Teotihuacanos, Mixtecs, Toltecs, and Aztecs.
Topics variety from jaguar and jester gods to reptile eye and rubber, from production bills and sacred areas
to ritual practices reminiscent of bloodletting, confession, dance, and pilgrimage.
Read Online or Download An illustrated dictionary of the gods and symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya PDF
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Extra resources for An illustrated dictionary of the gods and symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya
For the Postclassic Maya of Yucatán, the end of the 365-day year was a major concern, whereas for the Aztecs, it was the completion of the 52-year cycle. The completion of major Long Count cycles must have been of momentous significance to the Classic Maya. 0) of the Maya Long Count in AD 830 was a major reason for the Classic Maya collapse. The ending and renewal of calendrical periods were commonly expressed through concepts of world creation and destruction. In fact, the New Year rites of the Yucatec and the New Fire ceremony of the Aztecs concerned the reassertion of the ordered world from the forces of chaos and darkness.
Following the fall of Tenochtitlan to the Spanish in 1521, Mesoamerican religion was rapidly transformed. Many of the more elaborate manifestations associated with the elite, such as hieroglyphic writing and iconography, virtually ceased to exist by the end of the 16th c. Native temples, sculptures, and books were systematically destroyed. The Spanish conquerors vigorously suppressed native religious ceremon ies, particularly those involving human sacriBce. The rituals, mythology, and gods This scene from the Yanhuitian Codex depicts two Mixtee noMes standing behind a Dominican priest.
C odex M en d o za, Im m e d ia te ly above and b elo w th e m at o lf-b alance p layer. A t C hichen Itz á , carvings M AT. o f the ballgam e show a skull on the surface ap p ear th e articles rep resen tin g the occu o f the large b a ll, and skulls - perhaps o f previously d efeated ballplayers - m ay have been im bedded in such balls to create a ho llo w center. Vast q u an tities o f ballgam e p arap h ern a lia survive, m ostly from the C u lf Coast o f M exico and the PaciBc Coast o f G u atem ala.
An illustrated dictionary of the gods and symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya by Mary Ellen Miller