By Liba Taub

ISBN-10: 0415161967

ISBN-13: 9780415161961

В книге рассматриваются греческий и римский подходы и отношение к этой широкой дисциплине, которая в классический период включала не только "погоду", но и явления типа землетрясений или комет, которые сегодня были бы расценены как геологический, астрономический или сейсмологический фактор.
Учитывая господство сельского хозяйства в древнем обществе, не удивительно, что так много было написано о предсказаниях и объяснениях погоды, и о том, как противостоять против капризов и жестокости погоды и как добиться её расположения. Но изучение метеорологии в древности было не только практическим вопросом. Поэты, философы и врачи были также интересовались метеорологией, излагая важные вопросы о природе мира, или, иными словами, о единстве космических явлений, а также об отношениях между метеорологией и божественным.
Автор анализирует различные древние тексты, в которых встречаются метеорологические или научные идеи: от эпоса Гомера и дидактической поэзии Гесиода, Арата и Лукреция – до работ, типа «Метеорологии» Аристотеля и трактатов Гиппократа и Сенеки.Образцы сканов:

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11) which is of little astronomical significance, dealing with ‘the determination of certain angles which were considered, apparently by a very old tradition, of importance for weather prognostication’. 88 In his discussion of the determination of these angles of inclination, Ptolemy stresses that accuracy is not critical. 90 As an accomplished astronomer, Ptolemy recognized that he had something to offer to other practitioners who were not as technically and theoretically adept. 11–13), where Ptolemy detailed some of the signs useful for weather prediction.

88 In his discussion of the determination of these angles of inclination, Ptolemy stresses that accuracy is not critical. 90 As an accomplished astronomer, Ptolemy recognized that he had something to offer to other practitioners who were not as technically and theoretically adept. 11–13), where Ptolemy detailed some of the signs useful for weather prediction. At the beginning of the Tetrabiblos, which he indicated may be regarded as a companion volume to his Mathematical Syntaxis, Ptolemy addressed the means of ‘prediction through astronomy’: he explained that there are two which are ‘most important and valid’.

586 BCE) turned a sizeable profit by monopolizing oil presses, based on his study of the heavens. It is in one of the earliest Greek texts to come down to us, the Hesiodic poem Works and Days, that we find the first suggestion that knowledge of the motions of the celestial bodies may be useful, both for practical purposes and for ethical ends as well. Throughout the Works and Days it is made clear that practical measures should be employed to overcome the evil of the world. 11 The first describes the origin and subsequent spread of evil, while the second explains how people may escape these evils through work, especially in agriculture and trade.

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Ancient Meteorology by Liba Taub


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