By L. A. Clarkson
The industrial heritage Society commissioned this sequence which goals to supply a advisor to present interpretations of the major issues of monetary and social background during which advances were made or during which there was major debate. The books are meant to be a springboard to futher examining instead of a collection of pre-packaged conclusions. this can be an advent and survey to the present kingdom of scholarship in regards to the heritage of the British alternate union flow and labour. It covers the years 1800-1914 and goals to offer readers entry to the simplest paintings performed within the box and support them draw their very own conclusions.
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Additional info for British Trade Union and Labour History A Compendium
While many of the depressed trades included older traditional crafts such as shoemaking, tailoring and handloom weaving, mostly outwork. What pattern, then, emerges from all this theorising? There is little support for ideologically determined swings. The trade cycle, on the other hand, seems generally to have had a dominating influence on both trade-union and political activity. In booms, the favoured and strongly organised trades, both the old and new elite, conducted advance movements, while even the depressed trades had a respite and tried to strengthen their organisation.
Trade unionism registered great advances', that during these years not only did long-established trade societies 'continue more or less unperturbed', but trade unionism spread to many new trades and there were even the first attempts at general union. Thompson perpetuates the very confusion which Dr George pointed out was mainly responsible for the creation of the erroneous myth of the Combination Laws : 'that these were the only Acts styled Combination Acts, and therefore all the opprobrium attaching to the mass of legislation repealed in 1824 was loosely and vaguely attached to the Act of 1800' ( 176-7).
Was merely an outstandingly successful example of this trend. In other ways too, the so-called 'New Model' unions merely maintained the traditional characteristics of the old skilled craft unions : restriction of membership to apprenticed craftsmen, payment of high subscriptions and provision of friendly benefits were long-established features. Nor was there any change of objectives: craft societies had always pursued sectionalist trade policies regarding wages, hours, apprenticeship and the 'closed shop'.
British Trade Union and Labour History A Compendium by L. A. Clarkson