By Richard Jackson Harris (Eds.)
This selection of 33 papers represents the most up-tp-date pondering andresearch at the examine of cognitive processing in bilingual contributors. Thecontributors comprise recognized figures within the box and promising newscholars, representing 4 continents and paintings in dozens of languages.Instead of the social, political, or academic implications ofbilingualism, the focal point is on how bilingual humans (mostly adults) thinkand strategy language.
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This choice of 33 papers represents the most up-tp-date pondering andresearch at the research of cognitive processing in bilingual participants. Thecontributors contain recognized figures within the box and promising newscholars, representing 4 continents and paintings in dozens of languages. rather than the social, political, or academic implications ofbilingualism, the focal point is on how bilingual humans (mostly adults) thinkand procedure language.
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Extra resources for Cognitive Processing in Bilinguals
These models will be described below in the survey of experiments employing reaction time measures. Later Research: Emphasis on Reaction Time Measures The Trend Toward Reaction Time Measures in Bilineual Research Durgunoglu and Roediger’s argument that results from memory experiments reflect the retrieval demands of specific tasks was not new (although they extended this argument to suggest that results from any experiment will reflect subject strategy which depends on the nature of the task). In the 197Os, experiments using recall and recognition often were criticized for reflecting subject strategy or controlled processing rather than a more basic organization of representations (see for example Kolers & Gonzalez, 1980; Posner, 1978).
The same year, Nott and Lambert (1968) published a similar study where they found that if words on bilingual lists belonged to a small number of categories, recall was better than when the lists had words that could not be categorized. On the bilingual category lists, subjects made a significant number of wrong-language errors. The authors interpreted these results as supporting the language-tagging hypothesis. They took the wrong-language errors, which occurred only when subjects could categorize words across languages, as evidence that subjects were decoding words semantically, and the language tags were getting lost in the process.
ComDarisons of Processing Times in Different Laneuaees These experiments usually are not grouped together to form a subset of the literature. However, when the experimental bilingual research is examined in its totality, they cohere due to their shared assumptions, shared methodology, and similar foci. The earliest experiments were based on a classic associationist model of memory which assumed that translation equivalent words were associated with the same concept in mind. They posed the question of whether knowledge of words in a second language interfered with associations between concepts and words in the first language.
Cognitive Processing in Bilinguals by Richard Jackson Harris (Eds.)