By Galia Press-Barnathan
This publication bargains a conceptual framework that explains while and why a very good strength would select to cooperate with smaller states through neighborhood cooperation boards instead of in a bilateral surroundings.
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Extra resources for Organizing the World: The United States and Regional Cooperation in Asia and Europe
3) By encouraging cooperation among its regional partners, the great power can enhance regional stability and reduce the risk of involvement in costly regional conflicts. I now elaborate these three mechanisms. 1. Encouraging cooperation among regional partners: the pooling effect. It may seem counterintuitive that a regional strategy would actually promote burden sharing. After all, in unequal power relations, one would expect the great power to stand a better chance of extracting maximal burden sharing from its smaller partners by bilaterally negotiating agreements with them.
Yet, while the final postwar security arrangements in Asia did indeed take a bilateral form, regional strategies were in fact considered at several points along the way. This chapter, using the framework developed in the previous chapter, examines the rise and fall of the initiative to create a Pacific Pact. It explains the shifts in policy preferences that led to the final choice of a bilateral strategy. S. interest in a regional strategy only arose after being confronted with several conflicting policy goals.
As we saw in the previous chapter, under certain conditions a multilateral or regional arrangement can induce the great power’s partners to greater burden sharing. S. S. 51 During the Truman administration most of the concern about cost reduction and burden sharing came from Congress. Republicans strongly criticized the costly implications of NSC-68. ”52 Much of the impetus for inducing greater burden sharing by the United States’ partners thus came from Congress. ” Yet Congress, for several reasons, was able to constrain foreign policymaking.
Organizing the World: The United States and Regional Cooperation in Asia and Europe by Galia Press-Barnathan